Sheltie (Silkie) Guinea Pig: Care, Feeding & Other

Welcome to the enchanting world of Sheltie Guinea Pigs, also known as Silkies. Revered for their long, lustrous fur that drapes over their bodies like a silky waterfall, these creatures radiate charm and elegance.

However, their beauty requires more than ordinary care. Learn about their unique dietary needs, meticulous grooming, and habitat essentials, all key aspects to foster a thriving life for these adorable pets. Let’s dive into the fascinating journey of nurturing Shelties.

Sheltie Guinea Pig History

The Sheltie Guinea Pig, or Silkie Guinea Pig, is a product of meticulous selective breeding in the United Kingdom during the 1970s. Their long, flowing hair, with no rosettes, sets them apart from other breeds, showcasing their unique, sleek elegance.

Interestingly, their breed name varies across regions. While “Sheltie” is common in the UK, they’re typically called “Silkie” in the United States. Their charming demeanor and sociable nature, combined with their distinctive appearance, have helped them gain popularity.

Despite their relatively recent history, Shelties have amassed a dedicated following of breeders and pet lovers, enchanted by their beauty and temperament, making them a beloved part of the guinea pig family.


A Sheltie Guinea Pig, also known as a Silkie, is a visual delight, boasting a unique appearance among guinea pig breeds. Their most striking feature is their long, silky hair, which cascades elegantly backwards over their body, creating a sleek, smooth coat without any rosettes or hair whorls.

These delightful creatures come in a variety of colors and patterns, including single, bicolor, and tricolor, lending each Silkie a distinctive individual charm. They typically weigh between 2-3 pounds and have a sturdy, elongated body structure.

Their bright, expressive eyes coupled with their distinctive hair make them stand out among their kin. Their beautiful appearance, combined with their friendly nature, makes Shelties a preferred choice for pet lovers and show enthusiasts alike.

Sheltie Guinea Pig.

Personality And Behavior

Sheltie Guinea Pigs, much like other guinea pig breeds, are known for their sociable and gentle nature. They are generally friendly and enjoy spending time with their human caretakers. Their affectionate and docile demeanor makes them excellent pets, particularly for families with children.

When it comes to their behavior, Shelties are typically quite active and curious. They appreciate the chance to explore their surroundings, given a safe and secure environment. They often communicate their feelings through a variety of vocalizations, which can range from contented purrs to excited squeaks.

However, despite their generally outgoing nature, Shelties can also be a bit shy at times, especially in new situations or environments. It’s important to approach and handle them gently to build trust. Once comfortable, a Sheltie can form a strong bond with their human companions, making them a wonderful addition to any home.


Caring for a Sheltie Guinea Pig involves more than just basic guinea pig care. Due to their long, silky hair, they require additional grooming and maintenance. Here are some key points to consider:

  • Grooming: Their long hair needs daily brushing to prevent tangles and mats. A trim might be necessary if the hair gets too long.
  • Diet: Like all guinea pigs, Shelties need a diet rich in Vitamin C. They thrive on a diet of high-quality guinea pig pellets, fresh vegetables, fruits, and an unlimited supply of hay.
  • Housing: A spacious, clean cage is essential. Bedding should be absorbent and comfortable, and changed regularly to maintain cleanliness.
  • Exercise: Shelties are active and require daily exercise. They should have a safe space to roam outside their cage under supervision.
  • Health Checks: Regular vet check-ups can help catch any health issues early. Keep an eye out for signs of illness, such as changes in eating or bathroom habits.
  • Socialization: Shelties are sociable creatures. They enjoy the company of their own kind, so consider keeping more than one.

Providing proper care and attention will ensure that your Sheltie Guinea Pig stays healthy and happy, and can live a full and vibrant life. It’s essential to remember that each guinea pig is an individual and might have specific needs based on their personality and health status.


A Sheltie Guinea Pig’s cage is its sanctuary, a vital element to its well-being. It should be spacious—minimum 7.5 square feet for one guinea pig—allowing ample room to roam, exercise, and play, preventing health issues like obesity.

Special attention is required for bedding, considering the Sheltie’s long hair. Opt for comfortable, absorbent materials that are easy to clean, like fleece liners, which prevent their coat from tangling and getting dirty.

In addition, the cage should feature separate zones for eating, sleeping, and hiding. Including hiding spots like small houses or tunnels can provide a sense of security for these naturally prey animals. Ensure a clean, temperature-controlled, quiet placement for the cage, contributing to a happier, healthier pet.


Grooming is a crucial aspect of Sheltie Guinea Pig care due to their long, silky hair. Their unique coat tends to gather debris and can easily become matted if not regularly maintained. Here’s what you need to consider for Sheltie grooming:

  • Daily Brushing: A daily brush helps keep their hair tangle-free and clean. Using a small, soft-bristle brush designed for small pets will help remove any loose hair and prevent matting.
  • Hair Trimming: Depending on the length of their coat, you may need to trim their hair regularly, especially around the hindquarters to keep them clean and hygienic. Always be cautious when using scissors around your pet.
  • Bathing: Shelties don’t require frequent baths, but a bath may be necessary if they get particularly dirty. Always use a small animal or guinea pig-specific shampoo and ensure they are thoroughly dried to prevent chills.
  • Nail Clipping: Like all guinea pigs, a Sheltie’s nails will need to be trimmed regularly. A pet nail clipper or a grinder can be used, taking care not to cut into the quick.
  • Ear Cleaning: Sheltie’s ears should be checked and cleaned regularly. Use a soft cloth or cotton ball dampened with warm water or an ear cleaning solution designed for small animals.

Remember, grooming is not just about keeping your Sheltie Guinea Pig looking good. It’s also an opportunity to check for any health concerns such as skin issues, lumps, or parasites. Always approach grooming sessions with patience and gentleness to make it a positive experience for your Sheltie.

Health Issues

Sheltie Guinea Pigs are adorable pets, but like all guinea pig breeds, they can be prone to various health issues. Dental problems are common due to their continuously growing teeth. Without proper wear from a diet rich in hay, overgrowth can lead to eating difficulties and potential infections.

Scurvy, resulting from a Vitamin C deficiency, is another concern. Since guinea pigs cannot produce their own Vitamin C, it’s crucial that their diet includes this nutrient. Respiratory infections are also a common ailment, often occurring if guinea pigs are kept in drafty or damp environments.

Particularly for Shelties, their long, luxurious coat demands regular grooming to prevent tangles, matting, and associated skin issues. Regular veterinary check-ups and close monitoring of your pet can help detect and treat these health issues promptly.

Sheltie Guinea Pig.


Exercise is integral to the health and happiness of a Sheltie Guinea Pig. These active creatures relish opportunities to explore and roam. Providing a spacious cage is the first step, but complementing this with a safe, enclosed play area outside the cage gives them much-needed variety and freedom for physical activity.

Engaging activities, like running through tunnels or mazes fashioned from cardboard or guinea pig toys, stimulate both their physical and mental faculties. They may even enjoy pushing small balls around with their noses, adding an element of fun to their exercise routine.

Equally important is the social interaction they get with their fellow guinea pigs and their human caretakers. This contributes to their emotional wellbeing and adds to their overall activity levels. However, always supervise out-of-cage time to ensure their safety. A good balance of physical activity, social interaction, and a nutritious diet will ensure your Sheltie Guinea Pig stays healthy and content.


Feeding your guinea pig a balanced and nutritious diet is key to maintaining their overall health and wellbeing. Here’s what an ideal guinea pig diet should include:

  • Hay: The cornerstone of a guinea pig’s diet is hay, specifically Timothy hay. This should make up about 70% of their diet as it is not only a great source of fiber but also necessary for their dental health. Guinea pigs need to chew to keep their constantly growing teeth worn down.
  • Pellets: High-quality guinea pig pellets, fortified with Vitamin C, should be provided daily. The Vitamin C content is crucial as guinea pigs, much like humans, cannot synthesize their own.
  • Fresh Veggies and Fruits: Supplement their diet with fresh vegetables like bell peppers, cucumbers, and leafy greens. Fruits should be given sparingly due to their high sugar content. Both provide extra Vitamin C and other nutrients.
  • Water: An ample supply of fresh water should always be accessible. It’s best to provide water in a drip-feed bottle attached to their cage to keep it clean and free from contaminants.

Avoid feeding your guinea pig with foods that are harmful to them, such as chocolate, dairy products, potatoes, onions, seeds, and nuts. It’s also important to introduce any new foods gradually to avoid digestive upset. Lastly, consult a vet or a guinea pig feeding guide for the exact quantities to feed your guinea pig as it can vary based on their age, size, and overall health.


Through exploring the intricacies of Sheltie Guinea Pig care, we’ve underscored the joy and responsibility of nurturing these charming pets. Their vibrant personalities and stunning appearance require a dedicated approach, including proper diet, grooming, and a comfortable habitat.

Embracing the needs of these adorable pets leads to their thriving companionship. The journey with a Sheltie Guinea Pig is filled with moments of delight, enriching our lives with their unique charm and affable nature. They truly are a treasure to cherish.


Are Sheltie Guinea Pigs Good Pets For Kids?

Yes, Sheltie Guinea Pigs are generally good pets for kids. They are known for their gentle, sociable nature and can form strong bonds with their human caretakers. However, their long hair requires regular grooming, which may require adult assistance.

Is It Hard To Take Care Of Sheltie Guinea Pigs?

While Sheltie Guinea Pigs require more maintenance than short-haired breeds due to their long hair, with a routine of regular grooming, proper diet, and housing, they are not particularly hard to care for. They do require daily attention and care, but this is typical of most pet guinea pig breeds.

Do Sheltie Guinea Pigs Like To Be Held?

Yes, Sheltie Guinea Pigs generally enjoy being held. They are sociable creatures and appreciate gentle interaction with their human caretakers. However, like all animals, individual personalities may vary, and some may prefer less handling than others. Always handle them with care and respect their comfort levels.

About The Author

Ashley Cruz is an accomplished veterinarian and an ardent pet lover. Her rich professional background and personal love for animals blend beautifully in her informative articles. She brings a deep understanding of animal health and well-being to her writing, ensuring that readers get reliable and practical advice.

With her experience in veterinary medicine and passion for pet care, Ashley crafts articles that are both engaging and educational. Her work serves as a comprehensive guide, offering invaluable insights to pet owners navigating the complexities of animal health and wellness. Through her writings, Ashley aims to enhance the joyful journey of pet ownership.