Chinese Hamster: Care, Feeding & Other

The Chinese hamster, a tiny, enigmatic creature, piques the curiosity of both novice and experienced pet owners. Their fascinating behavior, coupled with an almost bewitching charm, has endeared them to hearts worldwide, yet their needs are often misunderstood.

The path to raising a healthy, happy Chinese hamster lies in understanding its basic care and nutritional requirements. A rewarding journey awaits, brimming with the nuances of hamster behaviour and captivating interactions.


Chinese hamsters are one of the smaller hamster species and are often referred to as dwarf hamsters, although they are not true dwarfs. They typically measure about 4 to 5 inches (10 to 12.7 cm) long when fully grown. They have a slender body compared to other hamster species, which sometimes leads people to mistake them for mice or rats. Despite their small size, they have a lot of energy and need plenty of room to run and play.

Behavior and Temperament

Chinese hamsters are small, nocturnal bundles of energy, known for their active and sometimes elusive nature. Most of their activity takes place during the evening hours, their tiny forms darting about with playful enthusiasm.

Despite their initial shyness, Chinese hamsters are generally docile and rarely aggressive. With patient, gentle handling, they can form trusting bonds with their human caregivers, turning into curious and interactive pets.

Being solitary creatures, they tend to be territorial, preferring to live alone rather than in groups. Their love for exploration and hoarding behavior lends to their captivating appeal, emphasizing the need for a secure, enriched environment.


Chinese hamsters require spacious habitats to accommodate their lively antics. A well-ventilated cage, at least 24 inches long, 12 inches wide, and 12 inches high, is ideal. Choose a solid-bottom cage with narrow bars to prevent injuries and escape attempts.

The cage floor should be lined with absorbent bedding—aspens or paper-based alternatives are best. Avoid pine and cedar shavings due to their potential to cause respiratory issues. This cozy base offers them a fun burrowing experience while ensuring cleanliness.

Fill the cage with stimulating toys, tunnels, and hideaways. Incorporate a solid hamster wheel for their energetic spurts. A quiet, dark nest for daytime slumber is a must. Place the cage in a temperate, quiet location, ensuring it’s cleaned regularly for optimal hamster health.

Substrate Needs

Chinese hamsters, innate burrowers, necessitate a safe, absorbent substrate in their habitat. This enables natural digging behavior and provides odor control, fostering a comfortable environment for these active creatures.

Avoid cedar and pine shavings, as their phenol content can cause respiratory distress. Instead, opt for aspen shavings or paper-based bedding. These options are not only absorbent but also soft and easy for hamsters to burrow into.

Ensure the substrate is about 2-3 inches deep, allowing ample room for burrowing. Include pet-safe nesting material for added comfort. Regular substrate changes and cage cleaning are paramount to maintaining a healthy hamster habitat.

Chinese Hamster Diet

As omnivores, Chinese hamsters thrive on a diet comprising both plant-based and animal-based foods. In the wild, they consume grains, seeds, nuts, fresh fruits, vegetables, and even small insects.

A primary component of their captive diet should be high-quality commercial hamster food. This mix usually includes seeds, grains, and pellets, offering a diverse range of essential nutrients. Ensuring your hamster consumes the entire assortment, rather than picking favorites, is key to balanced nutrition.

Supplementing this staple with fresh fruits and vegetables enriches their diet. They enjoy produce like apples, pears, carrots, and broccoli, but remember to avoid potentially harmful foods like onions, garlic, chocolate, and citrus fruits. Remove any uneaten fresh food promptly to prevent spoilage.

Protein, another crucial part of their diet, can be offered through treats like mealworms, crickets, or small portions of hard-boiled egg. Monitoring your hamster’s eating habits, weight, and overall health will guide dietary adjustments. Always ensure access to fresh, clean water.

Chinese hamster.

Health Issues

Chinese hamsters, like all pet animals, can experience a range of health issues. Regular check-ups with a veterinarian experienced in small mammals can help detect potential problems early. Here are some common health issues to be aware of:

  • Respiratory issues: Like other small rodents, Chinese hamsters are prone to respiratory infections. Symptoms can include wheezing, sneezing, and discharge from the nose or eyes. These conditions often require antibiotic treatment.
  • Digestive problems: Overfeeding, particularly of fresh foods, can lead to diarrhea, which can cause dehydration and be dangerous if not treated promptly. On the other hand, hamsters can also suffer from constipation, often due to lack of fiber in their diet.
  • Dental issues: Hamsters’ teeth grow continuously throughout their lives, and problems can arise if their teeth become overgrown or misaligned. Providing chew toys can help to naturally wear down their teeth.
  • Tumors: Chinese hamsters can develop tumors, particularly as they age. Any unusual lump should be evaluated by a veterinarian.
  • Wet tail: This is a severe diarrheal disease, often brought on by stress. It requires immediate veterinary attention as it can be fatal.
  • Skin issues: Parasites, allergies, or skin infections can cause itching, redness, and hair loss.

A balanced diet, clean habitat, and regular exercise can all contribute to the overall health of a Chinese hamster. It’s important to monitor your pet for any changes in behavior or appearance, as these could indicate a health issue that requires veterinary attention.


Chinese hamsters are active creatures with a lot of energy to burn. Providing opportunities for exercise is crucial for their physical health and mental well-being. Here are a few ways you can keep your Chinese hamster active:

  • Hamster wheel: This is a must-have in every hamster cage. It provides a great outlet for your hamster’s energy. Make sure the wheel is solid (not wire) to avoid foot injuries, and is large enough that your hamster’s back is not arched when they run.
  • Tunnels and tubes: Hamsters in the wild live in burrows, and tunnels in their cage can simulate this environment. They love to run through and hide in them. You can purchase plastic tunnels designed for hamsters or use cardboard tubes.
  • Toys and chew items: Hamsters love to chew and it’s also necessary for their dental health. Providing chew toys can give them something to do and help to keep their teeth in good condition. Other toys that they can push around, climb on or investigate can also provide good mental stimulation.
  • Exercise balls: These are plastic balls that hamsters can get inside and roll around in. They should only be used under supervision and for short periods to prevent exhaustion. Make sure the ball is well-ventilated and that your hamster cannot get its feet caught in any gaps.
  • Playpen: If you can provide a secure area outside of their cage for supervised playtime, this can be a great form of exercise. Fill the playpen with toys and items to explore, but make sure there are no small gaps where the hamster could escape.
  • Climbing structures: Hamsters enjoy climbing. Items like ladders, branches, or hamster-safe climbing toys can add variety to their exercise routine.

Remember, although they are most active at night, Chinese hamsters also have bursts of activity throughout the day. Providing a variety of exercise options can help ensure that they stay active and healthy.


Chinese hamsters excel in self-grooming, engaging in detailed fur care with their nimble paws and teeth. Despite their meticulous grooming, owners should remain vigilant for any signs of uncleanliness or substances lodged in their fur. Routine brushing isn’t typically necessary due to their short coats.

Nail care can pose a challenge due to their small size. Professional help might be required if nails become overly long or sharp. Bathing is generally unnecessary, potentially harmful due to the loss of essential skin oils. Instead, spot clean with a damp cloth or offer a sand bath if heavily soiled.

Chinese Hamster Breeding / Reproduction

Chinese hamsters reach sexual maturity around 6-8 weeks of age, but it’s advisable to breed them once they’re fully matured at 3-4 months. Mating often occurs at night and results in a litter of 4-6 pups after an 18-21 day gestation period.

Newborn pups are completely dependent, hairless, and blind. Their rapid development sees them grow fur by their first week, open their eyes by the second week, and begin exploring soon after. By three weeks, they start consuming solid food, gradually weaning off mother’s milk.

By the age of 4-5 weeks, it’s crucial to separate the pups into same-sex groups to prevent unwanted breeding. Remember, undertaking the breeding of Chinese hamsters requires considerable commitment and should only be done with guaranteed homes for potential pups.

Pros And Cons Of Chinese Hamster Pet

Chinese hamsters make endearing pets, appealing to those seeking a small, relatively low-maintenance companion. Their compact size, lesser tendency to bite, and longer lifespan—about 2-3 years—compared to other hamsters are clear advantages. Nocturnal by nature, they offer evening entertainment after a day’s work or school.

However, these tiny creatures present challenges too. Their diminutive size can make handling difficult, especially for young children. Despite their charms, they are solitary and may appear less sociable. They still demand proper care, including a balanced diet, clean environment, and sufficient mental and physical stimulation. Potential owners should also be aware of local pet regulations, as some areas may restrict Chinese hamster ownership.


In summary, the compact and active Chinese hamster can make a delightful pet for those ready to meet its specific needs. Proper care, a well-balanced diet, and an understanding of its unique behavior ensure a happy, healthy hamster and a rewarding companionship.

Remember, owning a pet is a commitment. As potential Chinese hamster owners, ensuring that you can provide a nurturing environment for your pet will lead to a mutually enriching relationship that can last several years.


Are Chinese Hamsters Good Pets For Kids?

Chinese hamsters can be good pets for older kids who can handle them gently and responsibly due to their small size.

Is It Hard To Take Care Of Chinese Hamsters?

No, it’s not hard to care for Chinese hamsters, but they do require a consistent routine of feeding, cleaning, and social interaction.

Do Chinese Hamsters Like To Be Held?

Chinese hamsters can be handled and may grow to enjoy it, but always with gentle and respectful handling as they are small and can be easily frightened.

About The Author

Ashley Cruz is an accomplished veterinarian and an ardent pet lover. Her rich professional background and personal love for animals blend beautifully in her informative articles. She brings a deep understanding of animal health and well-being to her writing, ensuring that readers get reliable and practical advice.

With her experience in veterinary medicine and passion for pet care, Ashley crafts articles that are both engaging and educational. Her work serves as a comprehensive guide, offering invaluable insights to pet owners navigating the complexities of animal health and wellness. Through her writings, Ashley aims to enhance the joyful journey of pet ownership.