Cane Corso Dog Breed: The History

About Cane Corso Personality

The Cane Corso, renowned for its balanced temperament, is an intelligent and loyal breed. They are known for their alertness, and their protective nature makes them excellent guardians for homes and properties. Despite their imposing size and strength, these dogs are gentle and affectionate with their families, showing a deep bond and sense of attachment. However, their intelligence also means they need mental stimulation to prevent boredom.

Socialization is an essential part of a Cane Corso’s development. They can be reserved with strangers, but proper training and exposure can help them become more comfortable in a variety of situations. It’s crucial to start this process early, as socialized Corsos make better companions, and their size can make them hard to manage without proper training.

The breed also possesses a strong work ethic. Originally bred as a working dog, the Cane Corso enjoys being given tasks and responsibilities. This drive makes them excellent at activities such as obedience, agility, and tracking. It’s important to note that these dogs require a firm, confident, and consistent owner who can provide the necessary training and discipline. With the right guidance, a Cane Corso can be a wonderfully balanced, loyal, and protective companion.

Cane Corso.
Cane Corso On A Walk

Cane Corso In Ancient Italy

The Cane Corso, also known as the Italian Mastiff, has a long and impressive history that dates back to ancient times. This powerful and noble breed is descended from the ‘canis pugnaces’, the old Roman war dogs.

In ancient Italy, the primary purpose of the Cane Corso was to be a versatile dog that could perform a variety of tasks. Given their size, strength, and intelligence, they were highly valued by their owners and had various roles. These dogs were not only used in warfare, but they were also utilized as utility dogs, hunting (particularly boar) dogs, and personal protection dogs.

Roman soldiers in particular greatly valued these dogs. They were used in warfare both as attack dogs and for protection. In fact, it’s been documented that the Romans used these dogs in battles and sieges, often outfitting them with their own specially made armor and spiked collars.

Aside from war, the Cane Corso was used in a variety of roles within the agricultural society of ancient Italy. As a farm dog, the Cane Corso was used to drive and herd livestock, guard property and livestock, and assist with hunting.

After the fall of the Roman Empire, the Cane Corso continued to be a vital asset in rural Italian settings. They were the dog of choice for farmers, shepherds, and landowners who needed a versatile working dog capable of various tasks.

Their reputation in ancient times was that of a fearless, loyal, and strong dog that would do whatever was necessary to protect their family and home. They were known for their working ability, intelligence, versatility, and their loyalty to their handlers. All these attributes made them a well-respected breed in ancient Italy.

Please note that although much is known about the general history of the breed, specifics about the breed standard, appearance, and genetic development during the ancient period are less precise.

Cane Corso In Moden Times

The modern history of the Cane Corso is largely defined by its revival and rise to global recognition. The breed, almost extinct by the mid-20th century, was saved in the late 1970s and early 1980s by a group of enthusiasts in Italy led by Dr. Paolo Breber. They undertook a concerted effort to locate the remaining Cane Corsos in remote parts of Southern Italy to help rebuild the breed.

Their efforts were successful, leading to a steady increase in the population of the breed and its recognition by the Ente Nazionale della Cinofilia Italiana (ENCI), the Italian Kennel Club, in 1994. This was an important milestone in solidifying the breed’s presence in its native country and set the stage for its international recognition.

The first Cane Corsos were brought to the United States in 1988 by Michael Sottile. Over the next two decades, the breed’s popularity gradually grew as more people came to appreciate its strength, loyalty, and versatility. This led to the American Kennel Club (AKC) granting the breed full recognition in its Working Group in 2010.

Today, the Cane Corso is a recognized breed worldwide and can be found in many countries outside Italy. Although they are still used in some working roles due to their intelligence, strength, and trainability, they are primarily kept as family pets. They are known for their protectiveness, making them excellent guard dogs, while their affectionate and loyal nature also makes them great companions.

The breed’s rise from near extinction to global recognition is a testament to its enduring qualities and the dedicated efforts of those who have worked tirelessly to ensure the survival of the Cane Corso. Its future looks bright, with growing popularity and an increasing number of responsible breeders committed to preserving its unique characteristics.

About The Author

Marc Magny is a seasoned dog owner and breeder, lending his expertise to captivating and informative articles. His deep understanding of dogs and their behavior, health, and breeding practices enriches his writing, offering invaluable insights to readers.

With his practical experience and passion for dogs, Marc’s articles serve as a comprehensive guide for dog lovers. His work resonates with the joy of dog ownership, positioning him as a trusted voice and resource in the pet parenting journey.