Afghan Hound: Breed Information

The Afghan Hound is a distinct breed known for its elegant beauty, long silky coat, and aloof nature. Originating from the mountainous regions of Afghanistan, this breed was originally used for hunting due to their exceptional sight and agility. Standing 24 to 29 inches tall at the shoulder and weighing between 50 to 60 pounds, they are medium to large dogs. Afghan Hounds are distinguished by their refined, unique appearance that includes a narrow, elongated head, almond-shaped eyes, and large, pendant ears. Their tail curls upwards, ending in a ring shape. Despite their dignified demeanor, they are playful and sometimes clownish, and need ample exercise to stay physically and mentally healthy. They can be independent and aloof, but also form deep bonds with their human families. Their long, thick coats require regular grooming to prevent mats and tangles. They are generally healthy, but can be prone to certain genetic health conditions like hip dysplasia and eye disorders.

History And Origins

The Afghan Hound’s origins are deeply rooted in ancient times and are considered one of the oldest dog breeds, dating back several thousand years. This breed comes from the region that is now Afghanistan, but at the time of its origin, the area was a collection of diverse ethnic tribes. They were initially used as sight hounds, a type of hunting dog that primarily uses sight and speed to hunt prey, in the rugged mountains of Afghanistan. The dogs were prized for their ability to hunt and bring down large game like leopards and gazelles, while their long, thick coats protected them from the harsh climate.

Despite its long history, the breed was relatively unknown to the Western world until the late 19th century. British soldiers and diplomats during the British Empire’s rule in India first encountered the breed and brought them back to England. The dogs quickly gained popularity for their unique appearance and noble bearing.

The Afghan Hound breed faced the risk of extinction during the World Wars due to food shortages and hardships, but breeding resumed in the 1940s and 1950s, particularly in the United States and England. In 1926, the Afghan Hound was officially recognized by the American Kennel Club. Since then, the breed has been cherished for its exotic appearance, and while it’s not the most common breed, it has a dedicated following. Afghan Hounds have also made appearances in the show ring, and one named Kabar won the prestigious Best in Show at the Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show in 1957.

Two Afghan Hounds on a walk.
Two Afghan Hounds On A Walk

Personality And Temperament

Afghan Hounds are known for their distinct, dignified demeanor that’s often described as aloof or noble. They have a certain elegance and a seemingly independent spirit that is very characteristic of the breed. They can be somewhat reserved, particularly with strangers, and often prefer to approach others on their own terms rather than being approached. However, this doesn’t mean they are unfriendly; they simply don’t display their affection as openly as some other breeds might. Despite this independence, Afghan Hounds are capable of forming deep and meaningful bonds with their human companions, offering a unique type of companionship.

At the core of the Afghan Hound’s personality is a lively and playful spirit. They have high energy levels and a natural curiosity that stems from their heritage as a sighthound. They love to run and explore and require ample physical exercise to keep them healthy and happy. With their family and in familiar settings, they can be quite playful, and are even known for occasional bouts of clownish antics, which adds a charming element to their personality. It’s worth noting that their strong hunting instincts are still present, so they may be prone to chasing after small animals or running off if something catches their interest.

Training an Afghan Hound can be a unique experience due to their independent nature. They are intelligent dogs and can understand commands and instructions quickly, but their independent streak means they may not always obey unless they see a benefit to themselves. Consistency, patience, and positive reinforcement are key to successfully training an Afghan Hound. Despite their independence, they can be quite sensitive and respond best to a kind, gentle approach. Afghan Hounds are known to be loyal and protective of their families. They generally do well with children if they are raised together, but their tolerance might not extend to very young or overly boisterous children. The same principle applies to other pets – they can live harmoniously with other animals if they are brought up together, but their hunting instincts may kick in with smaller animals. Their elegant coats require a substantial amount of grooming, which should be a significant part of their care routine. With the right care and understanding, Afghan Hounds can make wonderful, if somewhat unconventional, pets.

Size And Weight

Afghan Hounds are a medium to large-sized breed. When it comes to height, males typically stand between 27 to 29 inches at the shoulder, while females are slightly smaller, generally standing between 25 to 27 inches tall.

As for weight, Afghan Hounds have a relatively wide range due to the size difference between males and females. On average, males weigh between 60 to 75 pounds, and females typically weigh between 50 to 60 pounds. However, individual weights can vary based on factors such as diet, exercise, and overall health. Despite their size, Afghan Hounds have a very lean and elegant build, which contributes to their overall graceful appearance.


While Afghan Hounds are generally a healthy breed, they can be predisposed to certain genetic health conditions. It’s important to remember that not all Afghan Hounds will be affected by these diseases, but here is a list of some of the most common health issues known to this breed:

  • Hip Dysplasia: This is a hereditary condition where the thigh bone doesn’t fit properly into the hip joint. Some dogs may show signs of pain or lameness, while others may not display any discomfort. Over time, it can lead to arthritis.
  • Juvenile Cataracts: These can occur in puppies as young as a few months old and can potentially lead to vision impairment or even blindness. Regular vet check-ups can detect this condition early.
  • Chylothorax: This condition involves an accumulation of lymphatic fluid in the chest cavity, leading to difficulty breathing. It’s not extremely common but has been reported in the breed.
  • Hypothyroidism: This is a disorder of the thyroid gland that can lead to symptoms like lethargy, obesity, mental dullness, and irregular heat cycles in females.
  • Allergies: Afghan Hounds can be prone to various types of allergies, including food allergies, contact allergies, and inhalant allergies. Symptoms can include itching, redness, and gastrointestinal problems.
  • Heart conditions: Some Afghan Hounds can be susceptible to various heart conditions, including heart murmurs and other types of cardiac disease.

Regular veterinary care and check-ups can help in early detection and management of these health conditions. If you’re buying an Afghan Hound puppy, ensure that the breeder has shown you health clearances for both of the puppy’s parents. Health clearances prove that a dog has been tested for and cleared of certain conditions.

Afghan Hound on a bad.
Afghan Hound Lying On A Bed


Caring for an Afghan Hound requires a blend of physical and mental stimulation due to their active and intelligent nature. These dogs, with a strong hunting instinct, require significant daily exercise. This can take the form of lengthy walks, runs, and playtime in a securely enclosed area. Due to their prey drive, they may chase after small creatures, so it’s essential that they’re always in a safe area or leashed during outdoor activities. Along with physical exercise, Afghan Hounds require mental stimulation. They’re intelligent dogs and early, consistent training is crucial. However, their independent and sometimes stubborn nature means that a patient, positive reinforcement approach is often the most effective. They may also enjoy participating in dog sports, such as agility and obedience trials, or lure coursing, which can provide both physical and mental challenges.

Afghan Hounds are known for their distinctive, flowing coat, which needs significant grooming. Regular brushing, preferably a few times a week, is necessary to prevent their hair from matting and tangling. Many owners choose to utilize professional grooming services for bathing and trimming to maintain the coat’s optimal condition. Additionally, good dental hygiene is critical for Afghan Hounds. Regular brushing of their teeth with a canine-approved toothpaste can help prevent oral health issues.

Nutrition is another key factor in the care of an Afghan Hound. A balanced, high-quality diet tailored to their age, weight, activity level, and overall health is essential. Regular visits to the vet for check-ups and vaccinations are also crucial in monitoring their health and detecting any potential issues early. Finally, it’s important to remember that Afghan Hounds are a sensitive breed. They thrive in serene, stable environments and may not do well in noisy or chaotic situations. They form deep bonds with their families and need regular social interaction to stay happy. Despite their somewhat aloof and independent nature, they do not fare well with long periods of isolation. The right care, patience, and understanding will allow an Afghan Hound to thrive and be a loyal, fascinating companion.

Afghan Hounds And Children

Afghan Hounds can make good family pets and usually get along well with children, especially when they have been raised together. These dogs are known for their noble and somewhat aloof demeanor, but they are also capable of forming deep bonds with their human families. They are generally tolerant and patient, making them suitable for households with older, respectful children. However, due to their somewhat reserved nature, they may not appreciate overly loud or boisterous play, which might be overwhelming for them. As with any dog, it’s essential to teach children how to approach and touch dogs, and always supervise any interactions between dogs and young children to prevent any biting or ear or tail pulling from either party.

On the other hand, it’s important to keep in mind that Afghan Hounds are a hunting breed with a strong prey drive. This instinct may lead them to chase after things that move, including running children. While this is usually in fun, it’s a behavior to be aware of and manage. Because of their size, they can also accidentally knock over smaller children during play. Afghan Hounds can be somewhat independent and may not always engage in play when invited, preferring to interact on their own terms. As a result, they may not be the ideal playmate for very young children who want a more interactive pet. Training and socialization from a young age can help Afghan Hounds understand and navigate their relationships with children in the family.


Feeding an Afghan Hound requires careful consideration of their age, size, activity level, and overall health status. These dogs usually do well on high-quality commercial dog food, whether commercially manufactured or home-prepared with your veterinarian’s supervision and approval. Puppies typically require more frequent feeding schedules with smaller, balanced meals packed with the necessary nutrients for growth and development. As they mature, the feeding schedule can transition to fewer meals per day.

Particular attention should be paid to the nutritional content of the food. A diet rich in high-quality proteins helps maintain their muscle tone, while carbohydrates provide the energy they need for their active lifestyles. Fats are also important for keeping their long, silky coats healthy and glossy. Any diet should be appropriate to the dog’s age (puppy, adult, or senior). Some dogs are prone to getting overweight, so monitor your dog’s calorie consumption and weight level. Treats can be an important aid in training, but giving too many can cause obesity.

As with all dogs, access to fresh, clean water is crucial. Afghan Hounds, like any other breed, can be at risk of developing certain health issues that may be diet-related, such as food allergies or sensitivities. If you notice symptoms like persistent itching, digestive issues, or changes in coat quality, it might be necessary to modify their diet or consult with a veterinarian for guidance. Regular vet check-ups will ensure that your Afghan Hound’s diet is supporting their overall health and any specific health concerns are addressed. Your vet can provide personalized advice based on your Afghan Hound’s individual needs.


In conclusion, the Afghan Hound is a breed with a rich history and distinctive characteristics, making them a unique choice for a pet. Their elegant appearance, noble demeanor, and playful, yet independent, personality set them apart from many other breeds. While their care requires a certain level of commitment, particularly regarding exercise and grooming, the reward is a loyal and fascinating companion.

However, the Afghan Hound might not be the right fit for every home. Their independent nature, need for significant exercise and mental stimulation, and extensive grooming requirements might be challenging for some. Prospective owners should carefully consider these factors before bringing an Afghan Hound into their home. With the right care, environment, and understanding of their unique needs, an Afghan Hound can truly thrive, becoming a cherished member of the family. Whether for a single person, couple, or family with older children, the Afghan Hound can offer a unique and enriching pet experience for those who appreciate the breed’s special qualities.

About The Author

Marc Magny is a seasoned dog owner and breeder, lending his expertise to captivating and informative articles. His deep understanding of dogs and their behavior, health, and breeding practices enriches his writing, offering invaluable insights to readers.

With his practical experience and passion for dogs, Marc’s articles serve as a comprehensive guide for dog lovers. His work resonates with the joy of dog ownership, positioning him as a trusted voice and resource in the pet parenting journey.